The Universities are qualified for awarding Doctorate Diplomas. This usually refers to the preparation of a research thesis on a specific scientific discipline. In most cases, a Master's Diploma is necessary in order to obtain a Doctorate Diploma.

Relation To Employment

Having high qualifications of this type, they may either be self-employed or they may work in key positions for state or private businesses and organisations.


Access to this type is possible only for those who have obtained at least a level 7 qualification (unless it is provided for otherwise).
Holders of such type qualifications have access to programs of study of the same level.

Learning Outcomes


• They have increased specialized knowledge in a specific field of the exact cognitive field in relation to the previous level (level 7) that includes sufficient data from cutting-edge scientific developments and serves as the basis for original thinking, and research and professional activities.
• They show critical understanding of the principles, theories, methodologies and practices for a specific field of their cognitive field, along with its interconnection with other cognitive fields.
• They have increased critical perception of the evolutionary dynamic and of the cutting-edge issues of the specific cognitive field that served as the subject of their doctorate.


• They apply with ease the theories and methodologies of the specialized subject of their doctorate in a critical and creative way on their own research, studies, and work.
• They apply with originality any specialized knowledge obtained through their doctorate on research, on analysis and on the development of innovative solutions for complex, interdisciplinary or pioneering issues.
• They are capable of assessing, interpreting and promoting modern scientific research and studies related to the specialized field of their doctorate.
• They provide inductively-reasoned solutions, with scientific documentation, to complex and new issues of the specialized field of their doctorate and formulate valid judgments after considering the various relevant social, economic, cultural, and moral aspects.
• They document their positions using specialized information and arguments, related to the subject of their doctorate, towards a specialized or non-specialized audience with clarity, adequacy and accuracy.


• They have developed with autonomy their knowledge and competencies at a high level.
• They apply with professionalism the specialised knowledge and competencies acquired from their doctorate and can efficiently deal with new, interdisciplinary or unforeseen issues.
• They solve problems and take strategic decisions starting with inductive reasoning, which has been acquired during the in-depth studying of their doctorate’s subject.
• They contribute significantly to the progress of knowledge and practices in the professional and business field, and they have operational skills in managing crises.
• They undertake autonomously the responsibility for educating / training / teaching as well as for managing a team and they evaluate its performance.