*Broad generic programmes and qualifications* are designed to provide participants with fundamental skills in reading, writing and arithmetic along with an elementary understanding of other subjects such as history, geography, natural science, social science, art and music, and in some cases religious instruction. These programmes and qualifications are normally offered at primary and lower secondary levels. Broad, non-specialised programmes at upper secondary level are also classified here even if there is some concentration on, for example, humanities, social science, natural science etc. Vocational programmes and qualifications are included only by way of exception.